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Tuesday of the Thirteenth Week in Ordinary Time. Feast of Saint Thomas, Apostle. The reading is from Gospel of John 20:24-29.

Doubting Thomas aka Saint Thomas Putting his Finger on Christ’s Wound by Caravaggio, 1602.

Doubting Thomas – John 20:24-29

Thomas, called Didymus, one of the Twelve, was not with them when Jesus came.

So the other disciples said to him, “We have seen the Lord.”

But he said to them, “Unless I see the mark of the nails in his hands and put my finger into the nailmarks and put my hand into his side, I will not believe.”

Now a week later his disciples were again inside and Thomas was with them.

Jesus came, although the doors were locked, and stood in their midst and said, “Peace be with you.”

Then he said to Thomas, “Put your finger here and see my hands, and bring your hand and put it into my side, and do not be unbelieving, but believe.”

Thomas answered and said to him, “My Lord and my God!”

Jesus said to him, “Have you come to believe because you have seen me? Blessed are those who have not seen and have believed.

On two occasions Matthew says “Thomas, called Didymus” in

  • Thomas, called Didymus, one of the Twelve, was not with them when Jesus came. (John 20:24)
  • Θωμᾶς δὲ εἷς ἐκ τῶν δώδεκα, ὁ λεγόμενος Δίδυμος, οὐκ ἦν μετ’ αὐτῶν ὅτε ἦλθεν Ἰησοῦς. (John 20:24)

Didymus (Greek: Δίδυμος) is the Greek word for twin. Thomas is derived from the Aramaic word for twin. In an ancient Syriac version and in the Gospel of Thomas (80:11-12) his given name, Judas, is supplied.

The often heard phrase “My Lord and my God” that appears in

  • Thomas answered and said to him, “My Lord and my God!” (John 20:28)

forms a literary inclusion with the first verse of the gospel of John:

  • In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. (John 1:1)

This verse

  • Jesus said to him, “Have you come to believe because you have seen me?r Blessed are those who have not seen and have believed.” (John 20:29)

is a beatitude on future generations; faith, not sight, matters.


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